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History of the Department

Statistics

The department was founded in 1948 and by 1950 had a faculty of five: Albert Bowker and Abraham Girshick, Quinn McNemar (joint with Psychology), Kenneth Arrow (joint with Economics), and Herman Rubin. By 1956 Bowker brought Herman Chernoff, Charles Stein, Lincoln Moses, Gerald Lieberman, and Samuel Karlin into the department. In less than a decade the department was considered mature.

photo of Albert Bowkerphoto of Abraham Girshickphoto of Kenneth Arrowphoto of Herman Chernoffphoto of Charles Steinphoto of Lincoln Mosesphoto of Gerald Liebermanphoto of Samuel Karlin

 

 

 

 

 

The next five years (1956—1961) saw astounding growth in the University. The Medical School was moved to the main campus and the Stanford Linear Accelerator was created. The Statistics Department was part of this growth when Emmanuel Parzen, Vernon Johns, Herbert Scarf, Herbert Solomon, William Madow, Rupert Miller, Harvey Wagner, Kai Lai Chung, Patrick Suppes, Hirofumi Ozawa, and Ingram Olkin all joined the faculty. Bowker’s administrative genius was to recognize that statistics alone would not be able to sustain a large department. However, by generating liaisons with other departments in the form of joint appointments, the department could have an impact in the University and also carry out a research agenda in various substantive fields. The following is an excerpt from a letter written by Albert Bowker to Wallace Sterling in May 1951, when Sterling was President of the University:

Our Statistics Department has been integrated quite successfully into the general university program. Professor McKinsey in Philosophy and Professor Grant Ireson in Industrial Engineering have been brought to Stanford by funds provided by our projects; Professor Hans Lewy, a very distinguished applied mathematician works on one of our programs. Faculty from the Departments of Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Economics, Philosophy, and Mathematics are all associated with research programs we have developed, and members of our staff have worked either as collaborators or as statistical consultants with faculty from the Medical School, the Graduate School of Business, the Hoover Library, the Food Research Institute, the School of Mineral Sciences, as well as the Departments of Physics, Mathematics, Philosophy, Economics, Psychology, Sociology and Anthropology, and Biology.

 

Over the years there have been joint appointments with Economics (Anderson, Arrow, Romano), Mathematics (Candès, Chatterjee, Dembo, Diaconis, Karlin), Earth Sciences (Rajaratnam, Switzer), Education (Olkin), School of Medicine (Efron, Hastie, Johnstone, Lai, Miller, Moses, Tibshirani, Wong), Operations Research (Lieberman), Symbolic Systems (Holmes), SLAC (Friedman), Electrical Engineering (Cover, Montanari), and Psychology (McNemar).

The first doctorates were awarded to Herbert Solomon (1950) and Lincoln Moses (1951). Since then, over 400 doctorates and over 1600 master’s degrees have been awarded. The department offered a bachelor’s degree for a number of years, but the number of students was small. Instead, a joint degree that includes mathematics, statistics, applied mathematics, and computer science was created. This degree, in Mathematical and Computational Science, has been highly successful, with a 2010 graduating class of 22.

The University established a series of fellowships in 1993 in honor of Gerald J. Lieberman. The fellowships are awarded to outstanding advanced doctoral students who intend to pursue a career in university teaching and research. In 2011 the department established the Charles Stein Fellowship in Statistics, designed to be a post-doctoral career-building step for new scholars.

 

Biostatistics

Lincoln Moses joined the faculty in 1953 as a joint appointment between Community Medicine and Statistics. At the time, the School of Medicine was housed in San Francisco. In 1959 the School of Medicine moved to the Stanford campus, and Biostatistics became a division in what was the Department of Community Medicine. Rupert Miller joined the Division, again with a joint appointment. Byron Brown and Bradley Efron were later added to the group. They were successful in being awarded a NIH Training Grant (with Miller as principal investigator) that supported a number of students interested in biostatistics.

In 1988 the Division of Biostatistics became one of three arms in the Department of Health Research and Policy, where it remains today. Its faculty has grown considerably, with much interaction between biostatistics and statistics. The current key personnel affiliated with the Department of Statistics are Bradley Efron, Trevor Hastie, Iain Johnstone, Philip Lavori, Balasubramanian Narasimhan, Richard Olshen, Chiara Sabatti, Robert Tibshirani, and Wing Wong.

photo of Rupert Miller

 


A History of Faculty Honors

National Medal of Science

  • Arrow, Efron, Karlin

Nobel Prize in Economics

  • Arrow

Norbert Wiener Prize in Applied Mathematics

  • Donoho

McArthur Fellows

  • Diaconis, Donoho, Efron

National Academy of Sciences

  • Anderson, Arrow, Diaconis, Donoho, Efron, Friedman, Johnstone, Siegmund, Stein, Tibshirani, Wong

National Academy of Education

  • Olkin

Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters

  • Anderson

French Academy of Sciences

  • Donoho

Guggenheim Fellow

  • Anderson, Arrow, Olkin, Olshen, Siegmund

George Pólya Prize

  • Candès

Guy Medal in Silver

  • Johnstone

COPSS President’s Award

  • Donoho, Johnstone, Lai, Tibshirani, Wong

National Science Foundation Waterman Award

  • Candès

Gold Medal of the Statistical Society of Canada

  • Tibshirani

Shaw Prize in Mathematical Sciences

  • Donoho

 

 

Special thanks to Stanford News Service for some of the photos used on this page.